©Fundació Mas Miró, 2018.

Mas Miró

Joan Miró (Barcelona, 1893 - Palma, 1983) is one of the world’s most famous 20th century Catalan artists. A painter, sculptor, engraver and ceramicist notorious for his discretion and legendary silences, it is through his work that he disclosed the rebellious side to his nature and his objection to the historical and political events that he was forced to live through. 

His deep-rooted sense of attachment to the landscape of Mont-roig and later to that of Mallorca, his final home as from the 1950s, would play a decisive role in his work and in his artistic language. Barcelona, Mont-roig, Mallorca and also Paris (in the 1920s), New York (in the 1940s) and Japan (in the 1960s) were all his emotional landscapes–although Mont-roig would always act as a counterpoint, the source of that initial impact which he revisited time and time again.

Miró always shunned academicism. To gain a true understanding of his work, his strong ties with the land must be explored, together with his interest in everyday objects and the natural environment. This compendium of influences led to the creation of a language so personal and so unique that he would become one of the 20th century’s most influential artists.

"All my work is conceived in Mont-roig." The origins of Joan Miró’s work and his artistic universe can be traced back to this Tarragona village and, more specifically, to Mas Miró and its surrounding landscape. It was here, in 1911 following an illness, that the artist decided to devote himself fully to painting.

Mas Miró was the model for La masia (The Farm), the artist’s most emblematic painting from his figurative stage. It was also the place where the seeds of his later work germinated and matured and where his complex language of symbols took shape.  

Mas Miró is made up of a series of buildings dating back to different periods, ranging from the 18th to the 20th centuries.

©Fundació Mas Miró, 2018.

The farmhouse

The farmhouse presides over the buildings as a whole. Known originally as Mas d’en Ferratges, it was built by the Marquis and Marchioness of Mont-roig. From an architectural point of view, the main building is typical of houses built by emigrants to Latin America on their (now wealthy) return home. 

Flanking the central building is the tenant farmer’s house, the model used for the most emblematic painting from Miró’s figurative period, La masia (the Farm), currently on exhibit at the National Gallery de Washington.

©Fundació Mas Miró, 2018.

The garden

The garden, which lies in front of the main building, still conserves some of its vegetation, including majestic eucalyptus trees. Joan Miró often took advantage of the gazebo to paint, thanks to the tranquillity and shade of this unique spot.

©Fundació Mas Miró, 2018.

The studio

The workshop or studio stands just a few metres from the farmhouse. In this separate building, Joan Miró could devote himself to creating and working on projects. Built in the late 1940s, it was designed by the artist himself so that he could make sculptures there. 

Various objects that were used by the artist can still be found there, such as utensils, sketches, materials and other miscellaneous items. On the walls, some graffiti can be seen, painted by Miró to develop his ideas. 

©Fundació Mas Miró, 2018.

The henhouse

The henhouse still stands in its original place, today without any poultry, but still conserving its original appearance.

©Fundació Mas Miró, 2018.

The fields

The fields that surround Mas Miró are now sown with organic produce grown by a local firm. On the land that belongs to the estate, an attempt has been made to reflect the different plants that were grown on the farm during its long history. Carob and olive trees, vegetables and almond trees all combine to form Mas Miró’s landscape.

©Fundació Mas Miró, 2018.

The chapel

The neo-gothic chapel, built in 1916 and commissioned by Joan Miró’s father, stands next to the carriage entrance. Although it is a private chapel, as well as the doorway from the house through the choir, the Miró family had another external entrance made so that local farm workers could use it.

©Fundació Mas Miró, 2018.

The farmyard

The outhouses where the old farmyard could be found now contains the reception area. This is the first point of contact with Mas Miró, where an audio-visual introduces visitors to the background context that accounts for the importance of this centre. In the reception area, tickets can be purchased to visit Mas Miró, together with the products on sale in the shop. 

 

 

 

The provincial Council of Tarragona has participated in the financing of the acquisition of the equipment that forms the interior of the reception space, located in the old corral. 

©Fundació Mas Miró, 2018.